Wednesday, June 23, 2010


The Hilux Vigo range is powered by either Toyota’s 16-valve 2.5-litre D-4D direct injection common rail turbo-diesel engine, delivering 102bhp & 300Nm/2,000 or the 16-valve 3.0-litre D-4D direct injection common rail turbo-diesel engine, delivering 163bhp & 343Nm/1,400-3,400.

The 3.0 litre D-4D Common Rail Turbo Diesel 1KD-FTV- already among the most powerful and torquey in the sector - is carried over from the legendary Land Cruiser and offers enormous torque with excellent fuel consumption.

The engine develops 120kW (163D|N hp) at 3,400rpm with torque of 343Nm across an engine speed range of 1,600 to 3,200rpm. Maximum speed is 106mph (170km/h) with manual transmission and acceleration from 0-62mph is under 12.7 seconds.

D-4D actually stands for direct Injection 4 Cylinder Common Rail Diesel Engine. Common rail diesels inject a fine mist of fuel into the engine at very high pressure. The result is the Ricke power and refinement as a petrol engine, but with better fuel efficiency and lower emissions. One feature of the electronic controls associated with the common rail is that there is no need to wait for glow plugs to warm up before starting the engine. You just turn the key and it fires up immediately.

Toyota D-4D engines are not just noteworthy for their smooth, linear torque, though: that's a characteristic of most modern diesel engines. What D-4Ds are noteworthy for is their unusually high power outputs, equivalent to that of many competitors' similarly-sized petrol engines. The D-4D's rev range is also usefully wider than normal, further enhancing the driving experience.

This modern technology makes use of a high-pressure pump, a common rail, and computer-controlled injectors to deliver exactly the right amount of fuel to each cylinder, at precisely the right timing. It is this exact timing and fuel measurement that leads to better combustion, cleaner burning and lower emissions of harmful substances such as soot (meeting European Step III exhaust gas regulations). And it is common rail injection that ensures D-4D engines deliver the optimum in power and torque throughout the range of rpm, for better driving performance and comfort.

Fuel in the D-4D is pressurised to an extremely high 135mpa within the "common rail" that feeds all four cylinders (older diesel engines have a separate pipe leading from the pump to each cylinder). The high pressure injection creates better fuel atomisation for complete burning and increased power output. And because there is less fuel wasted though inefficient combustion, the D-4D delivers better fuel economy too.

In addition the computer control unit injects a small amount of fuel into the cylinder just before the main fuel load ignites. This "pilot burn" lowers the explosive force of the main combustion process and goes a long way to reduce the noise and vibration formerly associated with diesel engines. This all goes to make it one of the silkiest diesels ever built.
1KD-FTV Engine

This versatile engine was introduced in 2003 in the new Prado. Its specifications are:

Bore x Stroke: 96.0 x 103.0 mm
Displacement: 2982 cc
Intercooled Turbo
Power: 120 kW , 163 HP DIN @ 3,400 rpm;
Torque 343 Nm @ 1,600 rpm

All 3000 cc (actually 2982) Vigos come with this excellent engine. F in FT stands for "economical" twin cam (narrow angle, around 22 degrees) and T for turbocharged.

2KD-FTV Engine

Most Vigo 2500 cc models come with a 2KD-FTV engine. It is a 16 valve Common Rail, Direct Injection Turbo DOHC Diesel Engine. Its specifications are:-

Type: 2.5 liter 4 cylinder D4-D diesel
Displacement: 2494
Bore x Stroke: 92 x 93.8mm
Compression ratio: 18.5 to 1

Horse Power: 75Kw @ 3600 rpm
Torque Output: 260 Nm @ 1600

The direct injection engine under the code name " 2KD-FTV " with 2494 cc capacity, generates a peak power of 75 kw at 3,600 rpm, a maximum torque of 260 Newton-meter at 1,600-2,400 rpm. for the 4-wheel drive version. For the 2-wheel drive version, the peak power is 75 kw at 3,800 rpm, a maximum torque of 1,400-3,200 Newton-meter at 1,400-3,200 rpm.

2KD-FTV The Most Economical One: The common rail fuel injection produces ultra high pressure which is 8 times more than the pressure of the normal fuel injection system. It can inject much finer fuel mist. This, when combined with 32 bit ECU which controls fuel quantity, valve-timing, and accurate pressure at different engine revolutions, result in the most fuel economy. It is 21% more economical than the old version. It has greater fuel economy than most of its competitors.

2KD-FTV The Most Powerful One: With the 16-valve, double overhead camshaft (DOHC) engine technology, which was formerly available in saloon or sports cars only, and with power from the turbo-charger coupled with the ingenious design, the D4D engine produces maximum torque at a much wider range of speed. This results in maximum utilization of power, whether it is during take off or while taking over, without having to drag the engine revolution to the maximum.

The Pilot Injection System smoothes the running of engine and the ride feels more like a ride in a saloon car. The noise level is only 49 decibels at the idle speed. The Pilot Injection System produces fuel injection in advance before the main injection starts working, reducing Ignition Lag Time and resulting in continuous and complete combustion. Noise from ignition is also reduced.

* All new top-of-the-range model "G" that combines exceptional durability with high quality styling and equipment
* Part of worldwide success story that has seen sales of tens of millions of Hiluxes and counting
* 102bhp 2.5-litre D-4D engine or 163bhp "Landcruiser" 3.0 D-4D engine available
* Full leather interior optional
* In-dash 6 CD auto-changer and radio cassette and CD MP3 Player
* Tubular chrome rear styling bumper and "Vigo" chrome badging
* Three models available in both single & double cab 2.5E, 3.0E & top-of-the-range 3.0G model. Lower grade J also available

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